Here’s a worthwhile primer on Texas’s Medicaid enrollment growth and the increasing percentage it makes up of Texas’ budget.
Due to federal health care reform, in 2014 all states will be required to provide Medicaid services for all citizens at or below 133 percent of FPL with Medicaid services. At present, Texas Medicaid does not cover childless adults, and has stiffer income requirements than 133 percent of FPL for some services. Exhibit 4 show current Medicaid eligibility categories as well as required changes for 2014.
Medicaid in Texas is on track to increase from 14% of the budget in 2001 to 37% in 2023. A graph is available here.